Learning from New York City: A case study of public health policy practice in the bloomberg administration

Title: Learning from New York City: A case study of public health policy practice in the bloomberg administration
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: 2015
Published In: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice
Description: Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.Objectives: To ascertain any lessons learned about how public health reforms undertaken in New York City during the Bloomberg Administration were shepherded through the public policy and administration gauntlet. The question is, how feasible is this approach and would it work outside of New York City? Design/Setting/Participants: Using a theoretically grounded case study approach, 3 initiatives were examined that were proposed and/or implemented during a 10-year period of the Mayoralty of Michael Bloomberg (2002-2011): transfats restrictions, clean bus transportation policies, and a sugar-sweetened beverages tax (as a counterfactual). The investigation began by performing a comprehensive public documents search and was followed with interviews of 27 individuals involved in the selected policy initiatives. Interviews were coded in Nvivo using an iterative, grounded methodology. Results: Using a theoretical lens, the case study illustrates that the multifaceted role of leadership was not confined to the executives in the City or the Agency. Instead, leadership extended to other administrative officials within the agency and the Board of Health. Second, New York City used reorganization and coordinative mechanisms strategically to ensure achievement of their goals. This included creation of new departments/bureaus and coordinating structures across the City. Evidence of the explicit use of incentives, as initially anticipated from the theoretical framework, was not found. Conclusions: While some aspects of this case study are unique to the context of New York City, 2 approaches used in New York City are feasible for other jurisdictions: harnessing the full scope and breadth of authority of the agency and its associated boards and commissions, and remobilizing existing workforce to explicitly focus on and coordinate targeted policies for issues of concern. Questions for further consideration are posed at the conclusion of the article.
Ivan Allen College Contributors:
Citation: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. 21. Issue 4. 313 - 322. ISSN 1078-4659. DOI 10.1097/PHH.0000000000000225.
Related Departments:
  • School of Public Policy