The digitalisation paradox of everyday scientific labour: How mundane knowledge work is amplified and diversified in the biosciences
|The digitalisation paradox of everyday scientific labour: How mundane knowledge work is amplified and diversified in the biosciences
This paper examines how automation and digitalisation influence the way everyday scientific work practices are organised and conducted. Drawing on a practice-based study of the field of synthetic biology, the paper uses ethnographic, interview and survey data to offer a sociomaterial and relational perspective of technological change. As automation and digitalisation are deployed in research settings, our results show the emergence and persistence of what we call ‘mundane knowledge work’, including practices of checking, sharing and standardising data; and preparing, repairing and supervising laboratory robots. While these are subsidiary practices that are often invisible in comparison to scientific outputs used to measure performance, we find that mundane knowledge work constitutes a fundamental part of automated and digitalised biosciences, shaping scientists' working time and responsibilities. Contrary to expectations of the removal of such work by automation and digitalisation, we show that mundane work around data and robots persists through ‘amplification’ and ‘diversification’ processes. We argue that the persistence of mundane knowledge work suggests a digitalization paradox in the context of everyday labour: while robotics and advanced data analytics aim at simplifying work processes, they also contribute to increasing their complexity in terms of number and diversity of tasks in creative, knowledge-intensive professions.
|Ivan Allen College Contributors:
|Barbara Ribeiro, Robert Meckin, Andrew Balmer
Barbara Ribeiro, Robert Meckin, Andrew Balmer, Philip Shapira. The digitalisation paradox of everyday scientific labour: How mundane knowledge work is amplified and diversified in the biosciences. Research Policy, Volume 52, Issue 1, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2022.104607