Parametric Modeling Approach for Economic and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Medium-Duty Trucks
|Title:||Parametric Modeling Approach for Economic and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Medium-Duty Trucks|
|Publication Date:||January 2017|
|Published In:||Journal of Cleaner Production|
Using a parametric modeling approach, we evaluate economic and environmental life cycle trade-offs of medium-duty electric trucks in comparison with nine non-electric technologies.
In terms of cost, whether total cost of ownership or also including health and climate impact costs, model year 2015 battery electric trucks in severe applications such as urban driving provide positive and robust net benefits in many areas of the U.S. However, for typical operations, petroleum diesel with idle reduction or hybrid-electric technology provide the largest overall life cycle cost benefit.
Battery electric, idle reduction, and hybrid trucks emit lower life cycle greenhouse gas emissions across the board in comparison with the other technologies. Despite lower carbon-intensity, electric trucks tend to be water-intensive because of cooling water consumption for thermo-electric power plants.
Lee, D.-Y., and Thomas, V. M. Parametric Modeling Approach for Economic and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Medium-Duty Trucks. J. Cleaner Production, 142 (4): 3300-3321, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.139